Skip to main content
Skip table of contents

Introduction to Seizure

Identify if your client has a seizure, and if so, how much the amount is. This report is appropriate for B2B and B2C use cases.

What it solves

To better assess a customer's risk, it is important to find out if they are in contact with seizures. The Seizure Report not only shows seizures that affect the analyzed account, but also shows seizures that affect a third party separately (such as wage seizures when analyzing business accounts or third-party debtor payments). Seizure analysis minimizes the risk of credit default and provides an accurate picture of the customer's situation.

Seizure Report

Seizures that affect the analyzed account itself (SEIZURE_ACTIVE, SEIZURE_SALARY - salary transactions from which the amount was already seized; the extracted seized amount is used for the calculations) and those that affect a third party (SEIZURE_PASSIVE) are identified and displayed separately in the seizure report.

Debtors in Germany have the legal right to a seizure account (also known as a P-Konto). The "Seizure" risk analysis tracks down such P-Kontos and also identifies transactions in connection with seizures.

In addition, further reports can be created based on an initial report. These continuous reports can then be provided with triggers that always compare the values of the previous report with the current one and look for defined changes.

This is useful if you have access to the client's account data over a longer period of time.

It is essential that not only days, but ideally months are considered.

The report also differentiates between SEIZURE_ACTIVE (the seizure affects the analyzed account) and SEIZURE_PASSIVE (seizure affects a third person, e.g. wage seizure).

Aggregations

A Seizure Report can be generated as an Aggregation with the following query:

JSON
{
  "aggregations": [
    {
      "alias": "Seizure",
      "includeLabelGroup": [
        "SEIZURE_ACTIVE"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

Used data fields

All transactions of the customer are used for this purpose. This includes data like IBAN, account holder name, counterpart name, purpose, amount, and so on.

The report response itself is divided into the following sections.

Main Section

The main part of the report can be found at $.reports.seizure and the type will be SEIZURE.

This gives you a quick overview of the transactions used in the report through aggregated values that can serve as a summary.

A full API schema can be seen here: https://docs.finapi.io/?product=di#get-/cases/-caseId-/reports

Field

Description

Mandatory

creationDate

Timestamp of when the report was created, in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS' (CET Europe / Berlin).

yes

caseId

ID of the case in which the report was created.

yes

type

Defines the type of the report.

yes

startDate

Timestamp of the start date of the reporting period under review in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS' (CET Europe / Berlin).

no

endDate

Timestamp of the end date of the reporting period under review in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS' (CET Europe / Berlin).

no

daysOfReport

The number of full days, that the reporting period under review contains.

no

transactionsStartDate

Timestamp of the date, when user's first transaction took place in the report period under review in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.SSS' (CET Europe / Berlin). This field takes into consideration all the transactions of the user, irrespectively of the assigned to them label.

no

totalTransactionsCount

The number of the user transactions, that took place in the report period under review. This field takes into consideration all the transactions of the user, irrespectively of the assigned to them label.

no

countIncomeTransactions

The total count of positive transactions in the report.

yes

countSpendingTransactions

The total count of negative transactions in the report.

yes

totalIncome

The total income.

yes

totalSpending

The total spending.

yes

totalBalance

The total balance.

yes

accountData

List of accounts-related data with the relevant transactions information.

no

childReports

List of reports, created automatically with the specified frequency (defined by interval and intervalPeriod) once the parent report is defined as a continuous one.

no

Account Data Section

The account data section can be found under the accountData field.
It contains data about the account at the first level.
If more than one account is included in the report, they will be displayed individually in the list.

Field

Description

Mandatory

bankName

Name of the bank.

yes

bankId

Unique identifier of the Bank, generated by finAPI.

yes

accountIban

IBAN of the bank account.

no

accountId

Unique identifier of the bank account belonging to the imported bank connection.

no

transactions

List of transactions related to the chosen report type.

no

Transactions Section

This section displays the transactions used in the report and can be found under the accountData element in the field transactions.
Please note that this list may be very long, especially for business accounts.

Depending on what the report is used for, the transactions can be retrieved for later review or documentation, or they can be turned off. The latter would be the case, for example, if you only want to do a quick check of the overall data and do not need any details.

If transactions are not of interest, you can also disable this section by giving the query parameter withTransactions=false to the report.

The transactions include the following values.

Field

Description

Mandatory

valueDate

Value date in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS' (CET Europe / Berlin).

yes

bankBookingDate

Bank booking date in the format 'YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS' (CET Europe / Berlin).

yes

amount

Transaction amount.

yes

purpose

Transaction purpose.

no

transactionId

Transaction UUID.

no

counterpartName

Counterpart name.

no

counterpartAccountNumber

Counterpart account number.

no

counterpartIban

Counterpart IBAN.

no

counterpartBlz

Counterpart BLZ.

no

counterpartBic

Counterpart BIC.

no

counterpartBankName

Counterpart bank name.

no

labels

A list of labels assigned by the system. This does not contain the complete label structure in the sense of level of detail.

no

overdraftInformation

Extracted details for transactions with related to overdraft interests.
It includes an object that contains fields such as the overdraft amount and the period of the overdraft.

no

seizureInformation

Extracted details for transactions with related to wage seizure. It contains the seizure amount extracted from the purpose, when possible.

no

chargebackInformation

Chargeback amount extracted from the transaction’s purpose. When it is possible to extract the chargeback amount, the extracted value is used in the calculations of the other fields and monthly objects. When extraction is not possible, the amount of the transaction is used instead.

Monthly Data (Aggregations)

Monthly Data are aggregations generated over the report period for specific sub-aspects of the report.
These are reported on a monthly basis and made available as a summary.

Field

Description

Mandatory

completeMonths

This field contains a list of months for which finAPI has complete records available. This automatically means that the first and the last month of the report period are omitted from the list.

no

monthlyData

Monthly aggregations of various data are listed under this field. These reflect the monthly development of certain criteria in the transactions.

The month, the value, the number of transactions, and the list of transaction ids behind it are always indicated.

no

Subelements of Monthly Data

This section describes the subfields of the Monthly Data section that can appear in the report.

Additionally, aggregations are provided for the sections behind the subelement, which include values such as totalMonthlyAmounts, minTotalMonthlyAmount, maxTotalMonthlyAmount, averageTotalMonthlyAmount, medianTotalMonthlyAmount,totalTransactionsCount and totalTransactionsAmount.

Here we take into consideration the data from both complete and incomplete months inside the report period under review.

Field

Description

Mandatory

seizure

Seizure-related amounts, organized by months. This object contains aggregated monthly data related to SEIZURE_ACTIVE (the seizure affects the analyzed account), SEIZURE_SALARY (salary transactions from which the amount was already seized; the extracted seized amount is used for the calculations) transactions. Only the extracted seized amount (when is possible to extract) from a SEIZURE_SALARY transaction is taken into account for the calculations, not the actual salary. If the extraction of the seized amount is not possible, the transaction is shown in the list of transactions, but not taken into consideration for calculations.

yes

seizurePassive

This object contains aggregated monthly data related to SEIZURE_PASSIVE (seizure affects a third person, e.g. wage seizure) transactions.

JavaScript errors detected

Please note, these errors can depend on your browser setup.

If this problem persists, please contact our support.